Irigarea aduce bunăstarea


Moldova became eligible for assistance under the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact Program in November 2006. This followed activities which began in November 2005 when the country became eligible for assistance from the MCC Threshold Program and focused on combating corruption in the Republic of Moldova. In January 2010 Moldova’s Millennium Challenge Compact was signed. This Compact is an agreement valid for five years, with a value of US$262 million. It has two projects:
  • Transition to High-Value Agriculture
  • Rehabilitation of the Road Structure
The objectives of the Transition to High-Value Agriculture (THVA) Project are:
  • to increase rural incomes by stimulating growth in irrigated high-value agriculture
  • to catalyze future investments in high-value agriculture (HVA) by establishing a successful and sustainable model for irrigation systems and water resources management, and an institutional and policy environment conducive to irrigated agriculture
The THVA Project consists of activities aimed at reinforcement and integration, which when implemented together address a number of key constraints facing Moldovan producers: lack of reliable water, lack of financing, lack of access to markets and technologies and lack of know-how. The project will increase the ability and willingness of farmers to make the transition to higher value fruit and vegetable production. By addressing infrastructure and institutional/market constraints, the THVA Project will seek to solve existing deficiencies.  
The THVA Project consists of four Activities:
  • Centralized Irrigation System Rehabilitation Activity (CISRA), for rehabilitation up to 11 irrigation systems covering an area of 15,500 hectares;
  • Irrigation Sector Reform Activity (ISRA), to provide technical assistance and capacity building to support legal transfer of management and operations of MCC-rehabilitated systems from the Government to Water User Associations (WUAs) and to improve water resource management;
  • Access to Agricultural Finance Activity (AAFA), to provide financial and technical assistance to support HVA related investments;
  • Growing High-Value Agriculture Sales Activity (GHSA), to provide market development support.
The Irrigation Sector Reform Activity (ISRA) is to help ensure a reliable supply of water over the long-term, in order to support the transition to higher-value, water-intensive agricultural production and enhanced food security. At the end of the Compact, it is anticipated that the project will have developed a model which can be replicated and an enabling environment for further rehabilitation and investment in state-owned and other irrigation systems.
The ISR activity has two components with distinct objectives:
  • Irrigation Management Transfer (IMT) sub-activity and
  • River Basin Management (RBM) sub-activity. 
The Irrigation Management Transfer sub-activity aims to establish the enabling environment and institutional capacities to ensure effective management of Centralized Irrigation Systems (CIS) by:
  • Establishing 11 fully functional WUAs capable to manage and maintain the respective CISs;
  • Ensuring legal transfer of CIS management responsibilities from the central authority to the WUAs.
The River Basin Management sub-activity aims at improving water resources management by assisting the Moldovan Government with:
  • Developing policy and legal water management framework;
  • Improving capacities in water quantity and quality monitoring;
  • Improving capacities in water planning and analysis;
  • Improving capacities for a participatory river basin management.
The stakeholders to ensure implementation of the Irrigation Sector Reform Activity (ISRA) include:
Project implementation period: November 2010 – September 2015.



Compact Program 2010-2015